What is dry eye?
Dry eye syndrome is one of the eye diseases caused by lack of vitamin A, which is caused by lack of tears or excessive evaporation. Tears are made up of three layers: mucus, water, and fat. Each has its own role, such as keeping the eyes moist and removing foreign substances from the eyes. However, if you get older or damage to the eye structures involved in secretion of tears, such as inflammation or trauma, dry eye syndrome can occur.
Causes of dry eyes
Factors that cause tears to evaporate frequently include reduced blinking due to air conditioning wind, dry air, smartphone or PC use, and a lack of oil on the surface of the tears. In particular, fine dust and yellow dust, which get worse in spring, can cause damage by touching the snow surface by mixing foreign substances in the wind. In addition, diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, Sjogren’s syndrome, and Lupus can reduce the production of tears, leading to diseases accompanying dry eyes.
Wait! The daily eye makeup is also related to dry eyes. Dry eye syndrome is a typical eye disease that can occur due to eye makeup! There is a mybom gland that secretes oil so that the eyes do not dry easily above and below the eyelids, and the eye makeup method that directly touches the eyelashes and eyelids prevents the mybom gland, so the eyes can dry easily.
symptoms of dry eyes
Dry eye syndrome can be predicted by symptoms such as foreign body sensation like sand rolling in the eyes, burning burning eyes, discomfort in the eyes that feel dim, itching, glare, and sudden excessive tear secretion. These symptoms become more severe when using the eyes due to prolonged concentration in dry environments. It becomes sensitive to light, has pain, and in severe cases, vision loss occurs. Also, if you feel uncomfortable with contact lenses that you usually use, or if tears flow in the cold wind, you can suspect dry eyes. In particular, most people feel more uncomfortable in the afternoon.
How to improve dry eye syndrome
Eye fatigue can cause dry eyes. Therefore, when using electronic devices such as smartphones, it is important to brighten the entire room and make the screen and surroundings the same brightness! It is also good to turn on a humidifier to make the air humid. Also, it is important to be aware of the decrease in the number of blinks during computer games and work, which leads to lack of moisture in your eyes, so it is important to blink properly often and until the end of your eyelids! I recommend wearing glasses rather than lenses on days when fine dust is severe.